Harakiri (1962) - Rotten Tomatoes

Harakiri (1962)

Harakiri (1962)





Critic Consensus: No consensus yet.

Harakiri Trailers & Photos

Movie Info

This well-regarded Japanese drama follows an aging samurai as he attempts to regain his family's honor. In 17th century Japan, a shift in the country's political structure has thrown the feudal Shogun system into disuse. Impoverished samurai wander the countryside, asking wealthy estate owners if they can commit hara-kiri, a grisly form of suicide, on their property. The usual and honorable response is an offer of some work for food or shelter. Into the house of a lord comes Hanshiro Tsugumo (Tatsuya Nakadai), an elderly warrior who asks chief retainer Kageyu Saito (Rentaro Mikuni) that the manor's three hired swordsmen serve as his seconds in the ritual. When the appointed hour arrives, however, the swordsmen do not appear, dishonoring the man. Hanshiro reveals himself to be the father-in-law of Motome Chijiiwa (Yoshio Inaba), a young samurai who had earlier approached Saito and been cruelly forced to go through with the fatal act, disemboweling himself with a dull bamboo blade, as his own had been sold to feed his family. ~ Karl Williams, Rovimore
Rating: G
Genre: Drama, Art House & International, Classics
Directed By:
Written By: Shinobu Hashimoto, Yasuhiko Takiguchi
In Theaters:
On DVD: Aug 23, 2005
Criterion Collection


Tatsuya Nakadai
as Hanshiro Tsugumo
Rentaro Mikuni
as Kageyu Saito
Shima Iwashita
as Miho Tsugumo
Akira Ishihama
as Motome Chijiiwa
Tetsuro Tamba
as Hikokuro Omodaka
Yoshio Inaba
as Jinai Chijiiwa
Masao Mishima
as Tango Inaba
Hisashi Igawa
as Young Samurai
Yoshio Aoki
as Umenosuke Kawabe
Jo Azumi
as Ichiro Shimmen
Ichirô Nakaya
as Hayato Yazaki
Kei Sato
as Masakazu Fukushima
Show More Cast

News & Interviews for Harakiri

Critic Reviews for Harakiri

All Critics (9) | Top Critics (4)

The film has a steady, hypnotic momentum; the director, Masaki Kobayashi, wrings as much drama out of facial twitches as he does out of sword fights.

Full Review… | September 15, 2014
New Yorker
Top Critic

A devastating, emotionally intense critique of the feudal system's hypocrisy and the warrior's code.

Full Review… | September 8, 2005
Minneapolis Star Tribune
Top Critic

Full Review… | October 24, 2008
Top Critic

Full Review… | August 1, 2005
New York Times
Top Critic

The 1962 single masterpiece uses ploys of the written word in picturing the past and/or far away to criticize the present.

Full Review… | May 29, 2015
ReelTalk Movie Reviews

A masterful chess game, filled with many carefully constructed moves, each arranged to fit in a particular place. It's glorious to behold.

Full Review… | October 29, 2011
Combustible Celluloid

Audience Reviews for Harakiri

Beautifully written, wonderfully directed and amazingly acted. Harakiri is a creative, inteligent and awesome film. One of the few movies you can call it perfect.

Lucas Martins
Lucas Martins

Super Reviewer


Masaki Kobayashi's tormented drama is a timeless tale about the changing of times. How the lives we create, built on shifting sands, can so easily disintegrate with the advancement of a simple breeze.

During the Edo Period, which saw the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate, peace and stability ruled the land. Forced to disband, many warrior clan released thousands of Ronin (lordless samurai) out into the land. Many became impoverished; stripped of their life's work.

This particular story follows the aging warrior Hanshiro Tsugumo and his request to commit Hara-kiri on honorable grounds. There he is greeted by Umenosuke Kawabe, the feudal lord of the Lyi clan. Still drunk on the power and tradition of the Bushido Code, Umensokuke is intent on letting Hanshiro fulfill his request. Lately, there have been a slew of Ronin who in demanding honorable death; are really expecting coin.

When Hanshiro inquires about a man who recently made a similar demand, a game of mental chess ensues between Hanshiro and Umenosuke. It soon becomes apparent that Hanshiro has a connection to a previous Ronin, Motome Chijiiwa, who recently spilled his own blood in this place and Kobayashi masterfully unravels the story through a series of flashbacks.

Released during a time when "Chambara" (sword fighting films) were vogue, Kobayashi subverts the glamorization of the samurai genre. Through his protagonist, he reveals the Bushido code to be merely a facade. A societal adhesive that many clung to even when the ever-evolving society rendered it obsolete.

He also undermines the glamor of Chambara pictures by revealing the stark reality of the "honorable" samurai culture. When Motome is forced to commit Hara-Kiri with a sword made of bamboo (he sold his real sword to help out his ailing son), it is agonizing to watch. Thrusting the dull blade into his gut over and over again, a swordsman stands by anxiously; waiting until he feels the ritual is complete before decapitating the poor soul. Using well placed dolly shots & canted angles, Kobayashi & cinematographer Yoshio Miyajima ratchet up the intensity. This coupled with a close-up of Motome's sweating brow as he laboriously impales himself - fully comprehending the horror of this act of "honor"- renders the viewer unable to find glory or honor in this act of self-immolation.

Kobayashi frequently cuts to an image of armor that sits inside the Lyi palace to augment his message. Inside the armor is no living flesh. It is merely the relic of a bygone era. Sadly, many are unwilling to let go of the reigns, forcing their anachronism onto others in order to save face.

It's a film that looks at humanity's capacity for change. In it, Kobayashi shows the viewer the folly of clinging to what is no longer; the irrationality of adhering to the impractical and the foolishness of coercing others to follow suit. For as the film warns: "What befalls others today, may be your own fate tomorrow."

Reid Volk

Super Reviewer

A powerful critique of the feudal system, the hipocrisy and the persecution of individuality. The parade of a false sense of "honor" that sacrifices human beings for the sake of a facade, an illusion of prosperity, of doing the "right" thing. Kobayashi's direction is impecable as usual, and the cast is top-notch. Pretty much what cinematic perfection looks and feels, we watch with a great sense of sorrow for Tsugumo. never with pity. One of the jewels of japanese cinema.

Tsubaki Sanjuro

Super Reviewer

Harakiri Quotes

There are no approved quotes yet for this movie.

Discussion Forum

Discuss Harakiri on our Movie forum!