Pleasures of the Flesh (Etsuraku) (1965)

Pleasures of the Flesh (Etsuraku)


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Movie Info

Director Nagisa Oshima's film uses the "pink" genre to mask an allegory about the materialism of post-war Japan (the original title translates as "Indulgence"). Katsuo Nakamura stars as a man blackmailed by a thief, who makes him hold on to some stolen loot while the thief serves a jail sentence. Nakamura is led into temptation by all that money sitting around, so he decides to spend it on wild partying and sex before killing himself to avoid retribution. Like the films of Paul Morrissey, … More

Rating: Unrated
Genre: Art House & International, Drama
Directed By:
In Theaters:
On DVD: May 18, 2010
Shochiku Kinema Kenkyű-jo


as Shizuko
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Critic Reviews for Pleasures of the Flesh (Etsuraku)

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Audience Reviews for Pleasures of the Flesh (Etsuraku)


Released in 1965, Nagisa Oshima's take on the then popular 'Pink' genre is a stylish thriller that explores the depths of nihilism, materialism, and the price of pleasure. Katsuo Nakamura plays Wakizaka, a teacher who having murdered the rapist of one of his students (whom he loves) finds himself blackmailed into hiding 30,000,000 yen of stolen money. When the student he murdered for decides to get married however, Wakizaka decides to spend all the money on his every sexual impulse and in doing so descends into a spiral of increasing paranoia.

A film noir in its very essence 'Pleasures of the Flesh' is a beautifully shot feature that uses its increasingly nightmarish cinematography to great effect. Moments of surrealistic editing become more and more frequent as the film progresses and increase the sense of claustrophobia and entrapment, making it feel as if viewers themselves are falling alongside the protagonist. As effective as this is the film does however stumble across moments in which it feels plodding, drawing viewers out of immersion and becoming slightly boring. The sequence in which Wakizaka attempts to win Keiko's love is an example of this, and although it houses one of the most beautiful moments in the film, it can't help but feel like it took too long getting there.

Despite supposedly being a 'pink' film the onscreen sex and violence is surprisingly tame, and the lacklustre ending feels as if it doesn't have the courage to live up to the other films of the genre or the increasing sense of immolation that preceded it.

Verdict: An interesting character study that occasionally strays off course and misses the mark with its ending.

Cameron Sherwell
Cameron Sherwell

Super Reviewer

Boy, does this film work hard to set up its premise. Let's see...Atsushi is a teacher is secretly in love with Shoko, a young woman whom he formerly tutored. He finds out she was molested as a child, and murders the offender by pushing him off a train. A government worker who is destined for prison witnesses the crime, seeks out Atsushi and recruits him to temporarily hold 30 million yen which he has embezzled. He realizes Atsushi is obligated to help him, or risk having the murder exposed. Then Shoko marries someone else, and distraught Atsushi decides to nihilistically spend the money within a year and then kill himself before the embezzler returns from jail. He moves to an elegant new apartment, and hires a prostitute at an extravagant monthly salary to be his full-time lover. It's no coincidence that she resembles Shoko.

Most of this occurs within the first 15 minutes! And of course, Atsushi is bound to regret his reckless plan.

"Pleasures of the Flesh" is more accessible than other Nagisa Oshima works of the period -- it's in widescreen color and, despite some abstract electronic bits (similar to Antonioni's "Red Desert," released the same year?), the score is more traditional and even includes vocal songs. There is some dreamy use of double images and a few slow-motion passages, but the filmmaking is otherwise quite mainstream.

What's lacking here are the usual resonances with Japan's contemporary culture. Instead of the timely youth-rebellion content of earlier Oshima movies, "Pleasures of the Flesh" is more of a standard film noir. Not so distinctly personal. And don't be misled by the lurid title: There is little sexual content to enjoy here.

Eric Broome
Eric Broome

Super Reviewer

In "Pleasures of the Flesh," Wakizaka(Katsuo Nakamura) does a favor for the family of Shoko(Mariko Kaga), the woman he tutors and secretly harbors an immense crush for, by killing the man who molested her as a child and now threatens to expose her. Since one bad turn deserves another, Hayami approaches him with keeping 30 million yen that he had embezzled from public funds until he gets out of jail in five years' time in return for not informing on him to the police. Four years later, Shoko gets married and Wakizaka says to hell with it and decides to spend the 30 million yen over the the next year. After which, he will kill himself, insuring Shoko's secret is safe. To start, he will spend the money on women.

"Pleasures of the Flesh" gets off to a great start but calms down, paralleling Wakizaka's interest in living a life of quiet domesticity over sleeping with as many women as possible. Still, the movie is perverse enough to merit interest, along with excellent photography and a particularly ironic ending. As bad as he may appear on the surface, Wakizaka also hallucinates Shoko and Hayami from time to time which proves the existence of a guilty conscience. But Shoko is the only purely good person in this world which explains Wakizaka's obsession with her.

(Originally reviewed in the blog section on April 5, 2009.)

Walter M.

Super Reviewer

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