Ettore Scola - Rotten Tomatoes

Ettore Scola



Though he began his career with commedia all'italiana, Ettore Scola shifted his cinematic view to larger concerns, and matured into one of the most highly regarded Italian filmmakers of the 1970s and into the 1990s.



After World War II, Scola went to Rome to study law, but opted to pursue a writing career. Following in the footsteps of Federico Fellini, Scola contributed to humor magazine Marc' Aurelio before he entered the film industry as a screenwriter in 1953. Over the next decade, Scola churned out dozens of comic scripts, both in collaboration and solo, including Love and Larceny (1960) and The Magnificent Cuckold (1964). Scola moved to directing in 1964 with the sex farce Let's Talk About Women. Though he spent the remainder of the decade directing such stars as Vittorio Gassman, Nino Manfredi, and Marcello Mastroianni in traditional Italian comedies, other critical concerns emerged in his films by the 1970s.



Reflecting the influence of the socially attuned, experimental work of postwar greats Vittorio De Sica, Roberto Rossellini, Federico Fellini, and Michelangelo Antonioni, Scola's work tempered comedy with serious questions of politics, humanity, and cinema. In his acclaimed We All Loved Each Other So Much (1975), Scola combined an examination of postwar social currents with an homage to the postwar Italian cinema enmeshed in those shifts. Dedicated to De Sica, whose Bicycle Thieves (1947) plays a pivotal story role, Scola moves from a neorealist vision of the Resistance and 1950s Rome to a full-color 1960s dolce vita of excess and disillusion as he charts the lives of three friends. Scola earned Cannes' Best Director prize for Down and Dirty (1976), a parody that harshly reverses the utopian view of urban poverty in De Sica's Miracle in Milan (1951). Casting Sophia Loren and Mastroianni against type as a worn housewife and an anti-Fascist homosexual, Scola's incisively acted, Best Foreign Film Oscar nominee A Special Day (1977) counterpoints an encounter between two outsiders with Hitler's May 1938 visit to Rome. With The Terrace (1979), Scola turned his critical eye upon his own legacy of movie comedy in a collection of bittersweet vignettes. While Scola's Communist politics informed his view of the alienating effects of postwar Italian capitalism, his films were also infused with humor and concern for how individuals find their own ways to survive.



Expanding his view beyond Italy, Scola further bolstered his international reputation with La Nuit de Varennes (1982). A philosophical costume fable starring Mastroianni and Harvey Keitel, La Nuit de Varennes's scenario unites Casanova and Thomas Paine during the French Revolution. Scola's adaptation of the French musical Le Bal (1982) examined key moments in 20th century French history through choreography, mime, and music. Though his work in the 1980s was less ambitious, his films still dealt with how history affected individual lives. Scola's light-hearted comedy Macaroni (1985) featured Mastroianni and Jack Lemmon as reunited war friends, while The Family (1987) turned the events in one family's middle-class apartment into a microcosm of 20th century Italian history. Though The Family brought Scola more critical kudos and the film landed an Oscar nomination for Best Foreign Film, his subsequent work, including Captain Francassa's Journey (1990) and La Cena (1998), gained less exposure in the U.S.



Scola continued working, as both a writer and director, through the 2000s. His last film was, fittingly, a biopic of his friend Fellini, called How Strange to Be Named Federico (2013). Scola died in 2016, at age 84.

Filmography

MOVIES

RATING TITLE CREDIT YEAR
No Score Yet Che strano chiamarsi Federico!
  • Director
2015
No Score Yet Le dolci signore (Anyone Can Play)
  • Screenwriter
2013
No Score Yet Il commissario Pepe (Police Chief Pepe)
  • Screenwriter
  • Director
2011
No Score Yet Riusciranno i nostri eroi a ritrovare l'amico misteriosamente scomparso in Africa?
  • Director
2011
No Score Yet Permette? Rocco Papaleo (My Name Is Rocco Papaleo)
  • Director
2011
No Score Yet Marcello: A Sweet Life
  • Actor
2006
No Score Yet Gente di Roma
  • Director
2003
No Score Yet Concorrenza sleale (Unfair Competition)
  • Director
2001
No Score Yet La Cena (The Dinner)
  • Director
1998
No Score Yet Romanzo Di Un Giovane Povero
  • Screenwriter
  • Director
1995
No Score Yet Mario, Maria e Mario
  • Screenwriter
  • Director
1993
No Score Yet Il viaggio di Capitan Fracassa (The Voyage of Captain Fracassa)
  • Director
1990
No Score Yet What Time Is It? (Che ora è?)
  • Director
  • Screenwriter
1989
No Score Yet Splendor
  • Director
1988
No Score Yet La Famiglia (The Family)
  • Screenwriter
  • Director
1987
No Score Yet Macaroni
  • Screenwriter
  • Director
1985
No Score Yet Le Bal (Ballando Ballando)
  • Director
  • Screenwriter
1983
No Score Yet That Night in Varennes (La Nuit de Varennes)
  • Director
  • Screenwriter
1983
No Score Yet Passione D'Amore
  • Screenwriter
  • Director
1981
No Score Yet The Terrace (La Terrazza)
  • Director
1980
No Score Yet I Nuovi Mostri (Viva Italia!) (The New Monsters)
  • Director
1977
100% Una Giornata Particolare (A Special Day)
  • Director
1977
No Score Yet Ugly, Dirty and Bad (Brutti, sporchi e cattivi)
  • Director
  • Screenwriter
1976
No Score Yet We All Loved Each Other So Much
  • Director
  • Screenwriter
1974
No Score Yet La Più bella serata della mia vita (The Most Wonderful Evening of My Life)
  • Screenwriter
  • Director
1972
No Score Yet Drama of Jealousy
  • Screenwriter
  • Director
1970
No Score Yet La Visita
  • Screenwriter
1966
No Score Yet Se permettete parliamo di donne
  • Director
  • Screenwriter
1966
90% I Knew Her Well (Io la conoscevo bene)
  • Screenwriter
1965
No Score Yet Hard Time For Princes (La congiuntura)
  • Director
1965
No Score Yet High Infidelity (alta Infedelta)
  • Screenwriter
1965
86% The Easy Life (Il sorpasso)
  • Screenwriter
1962
No Score Yet Il mattatore (Love and Larceny)
  • Screenwriter
1960
No Score Yet Adua e le compagne (Adua and Company) (Adua and Her Friends) (Hungry for Love) (Love a la Carte)
  • Screenwriter
1960
No Score Yet Lo scapolo (The Bachelor)
  • Screenwriter
1955
No Score Yet Buonanotte... Avvocato!
  • Screenwriter
1955
No Score Yet An American in Rome
  • Screenwriter
1954
No Score Yet Due notti con Cleopatra (Two Nights with Cleopatra)
  • Screenwriter
1953

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