Screenwriter Frank Tarloff was one of the many victims of the House UnAmerican Activities Committee red scare that occurred in the 1950s. Like many fellow artists who wanted to act out in their opposition to the Nazi Party in the 1940s, he had joined the Communist Party. His membership was very short-lived, but it did not escape the notice of H.U.A.C. Tarloff was subpoenaed, but refused to cooperate. His work in Hollywood ended swiftly and he fled with his family to London, England. In 1964, he was hired to co-write a script for a movie named Father Goose. The movie, starring Cary Grant, went on to win an Academy Award in 1965, and it enabled Tarloff to return to Hollywood. He later served as a board member of the Writers Guild of America and held several posts with that organization. Tarloff was also a writer for numerous television shows, ranging from The Andy Griffith Show to The Jeffersons. In 1999, he succumbed to cancer.