Jean Renoir

Birthday: Sep 15, 1894
Birthplace: Paris, France
The son of the painter Auguste Renoir, Jean Renoir became one of France's most important and respected filmmakers during the middle of the 20th century. A Philosophy and Math student, Renoir became a cavalryman, but was invalided out of the army before World War I. He subsequently joined the infantry; injured in that service, he became a pilot. Later, he married a model and aspiring actress, and, following the death of his father and the acquisition of an inheritance, set up his own production company to produce movies for his wife. Renoir learned from these early experiences of financing movies and watching other films, and became a director in 1924. He later took directing assignments from other producers as a means of supporting himself, augmented by occasional acting roles. With the advent of sound, Renoir's career was quickly made with a series of profitable films, including La Chienne (1931), a savage and dark drama about a man's self-destruction, which was later remade by Fritz Lang as Scarlet Street. Renoir's subsequent films, including The Lower Depths (1936) and Grand Illusion (1937), were among the finest made in France before the war, and were well acknowledged at the time of their release; the latter became an international hit. However, Rules of the Game (1939), with its strong criticism of French society, struck a raw nerve with critics and the public alike on the eve of World War II, and was quickly withdrawn from distribution and subsequently re-edited. Renoir served in the film unit of the French army at the outbreak of World War II, but was fortunate enough to get to Lisbon and then America after the fall of France. He was later put under contract at 20th Century Fox, where he made the rural drama Swamp Water (1941), a beautiful, lyrical, and poetic story of injustice and vengeance. At RKO, he made the patriotic drama -- and possibly the best the studio ever produced -- This Land Is Mine (1943), and returned to rural American subjects for The Southerner (1945), released by United Artists. Diary of a Chambermaid (1946) was another independent production, while Woman on the Beach (1947), a dark romantic drama, was done for RKO. Renoir's first post-American film (and his first in color), The River (1951), was financed by a Beverly Hills florist, but shot in India. Based upon a story by Rumer Godden, it told of the coming of age of three young women in India and received tremendous international acclaim, but relatively little public attention, although later became one of his most popular films. His next films, The Golden Coach (1952) and French Can-Can (1955), marked Renoir's return to Europe and France, respectively, and to profitable filmmaking. The early '60s saw the restoration and re-release -- to belated acclaim as a masterpiece -- of Rules of the Game. His later films were less successful and more modestly produced, and made extensive use of television techniques, the most popular of which was The Little Theater of Jean Renoir (1969), which was originally made for TV. Throughout his career, Renoir's style embraced a multitude of genres, and its permutations make it almost impossible to characterize. However, his social realism was usually on-target, as La Chienne showed to his advantage and Rules of the Game presented so disturbingly to the French public. Renoir died in 1979.

Highest Rated Movies

Filmography

MOVIES

CREDIT
No Score Yet Une vie sans joie (Backbiters) Director Screenwriter 2013
No Score Yet Louis Lumière Actor 2012
No Score Yet Le testament du Docteur Cordelier (Experiment in Evil) Director Screenwriter 2012
No Score Yet The Little Match Girl (La Petite marchande d'allumettes) Director 2000
No Score Yet Jean Renoir, The Boss Actor 1985
No Score Yet The Little Theatre of Jean Renoir (Le petit théâtre de Jean Renoir) Director Actor 1974
No Score Yet Carola Director 1973
89% The Elusive Corporal Director 1962
71% Le Déjeuner sur l'Herbe (Picnic on the Grass) Director 1959
91% The River Screenwriter Director 1959
100% The Doctor's Horrible Experiment (Le Testament du Docteur Cordelier) Director 1959
77% Elena and Her Men Director Screenwriter 1957
100% French Cancan Director Screenwriter 1956
100% The Golden Coach (Le Carrosse d'or) Screenwriter 1953
No Score Yet The Woman on the Beach Screenwriter Director 1947
No Score Yet Diary of a Chambermaid Director Actor Screenwriter 1946
91% The Southerner Screenwriter Director 1945
71% This Land Is Mine Director Producer 1943
No Score Yet Swamp Water Director 1941
98% The Rules of the Game (La règle du jeu) Screenwriter Director Octave 1939
97% La Grande illusion (Grand Illusion) Screenwriter Director $0.2M 1938
93% La Bête Humaine (Judas Was a Woman)(The Human Beast) Director Screenwriter Cabuche the Poacher 1938
No Score Yet The Spanish Earth (This Spanish Earth) Narrator 1937
78% La Marseillaise Director 1937
No Score Yet La vie est à nous Director Patron 1936
100% The Crime of Monsieur Lange (Le Crime de Monsieur Lange) Director $28.3K 1936
100% Partie de Campagne (A Day in the Country) Director Screenwriter Pere Poulain 1936
88% Les Bas-fonds (The Lower Depths) (Underground) (Underworld) Director 1936
100% Toni Screenwriter Director 1934
No Score Yet Madame Bovary Director 1933
No Score Yet Chotard And Company (Chotard Et Cie) Screenwriter Director 1933
100% Boudu Saved From Drowning (Bondé sauvé des eaux) Screenwriter Director 1932
No Score Yet Night at the Crossroads (La Nuit Du Carrefour) Screenwriter Director 1932
No Score Yet Baby's Laxative (On Purge Bebe) Director 1931
100% La Chienne Screenwriter Director 1931
No Score Yet The Sad Sack (Tire Au Flanc) Director 1928
No Score Yet Sur un air de Charleston Director Actor 1927
No Score Yet Nana Screenwriter Director 1926
No Score Yet La Fille de L'eau (Whirlpool of Fate) Director Producer 1924

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