Judy Garland

Birthday: Jun 10, 1922
Birthplace: Grand Rapids, Minnesota, USA
Entertainer Judy Garland was both one of the greatest and one of the most tragic figures in American show business. The daughter of a pushy stage mother, Garland and her sisters were forced into a vaudeville act called the Gumm Sisters (her real name), which appeared in movie shorts and at the 1933 Chicago World's Fair. It was clear from the outset that Judy was the star of the act, and, as such, was signed by MGM as a solo performer in 1936. The studio adored Garland's adult-sounding singing but was concerned about her puffy facial features and her curvature of the spine. MGM decided to test both Garland and another teenage contractee, Deanna Durbin, in a musical "swing vs. the classics" short subject entitled Every Sunday (1936). The studio had planned to keep Durbin and drop Garland, but, through a corporate error, the opposite took place. Nevertheless, MGM decided to allow Garland her feature film debut in another studio's production, just in case the positive audience response to Every Sunday was a fluke. Loaned to 20th Century Fox, Garland was ninth-billed in Pigskin Parade (1936), but stole the show with her robust renditions of "Balboa" and "Texas Tornado." Garland returned to MGM in triumph and was given better opportunities to show her stuff: the "Dear Mr. Gable" number in Broadway Melody of 1938, "Zing Went the Strings of My Heart" in Listen, Darling (1938), and so on. When MGM planned to star 20th Century Fox's Shirley Temple in The Wizard of Oz, Garland almost didn't get her most celebrated role, but the deal fell through and she was cast as Dorothy. But even after this, the actress nearly lost her definitive screen moment when the studio decided to cut the song "Over the Rainbow," although finally kept the number after it tested well in previews. The Wizard of Oz made Garland a star, but MGM couldn't see beyond the little-girl image and insisted upon casting her in "Hey, kids, let's put on a show" roles opposite Mickey Rooney (a life-long friend). Garland proved to the world that she was a grown-up by marrying composer David Rose in 1941, after which MGM began giving her adult roles in such films as For Me and My Gal (1942) -- although still her most successful film of the early '40s was in another blushing-teen part in Meet Me in St. Louis (1944). Once very popular on the set due to her infectious high spirits, in the mid-'40s Garland became moody and irritable, as well as undependable insofar as showing up on time and being prepared. The problem was an increasing dependency upon barbiturates, an addiction allegedly inaugurated in the 1930s when the studio had Garland "pepped up" with prescription pills so that she could work longer hours. Garland also began drinking heavily, and her marriage was deteriorating. In 1945, she married director Vincente Minnelli, with whom she had a daughter, Liza, in 1946. By 1948, Garland's mood swings and suicidal tendencies were getting the better of her, and, in 1950, she had to quit the musical Annie Get Your Gun. That same year, she barely got through Summer Stock, her health problems painfully evident upon viewing the film. Before 1950 was half over, Garland attempted suicide, and, after recovering, was fired by MGM. Garland and Vincente Minnelli divorced in 1951, whereupon she married producer Sid Luft, who took over management of his wife's career and choreographed Garland's triumphant comeback at the London Palladium, a success surpassed by her 1951 appearance at New York's Palace Theatre. Luft strong-armed Warner Bros. to bankroll A Star Is Born (1954), providing Garland with her first film role in four years. It was Garland's best film to date, earned her an Oscar nomination for Best Actress, and allowed her a wealth of songs to sing and a full range of emotions to play.Riding high once more, Garland was later reduced to the depths of depression when she lost the Oscar to Grace Kelly. Her subsequent live appearances were wildly inconsistent, and her film performances ra

Photos

Highest Rated Movies

Filmography

MOVIES

CREDIT
No Score Yet Hollywood Singing and Dancing: The 1960s Actor 2008
No Score Yet Most Famous Hits - Judy Garland, Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin Actor 2006
No Score Yet Great Performances Actor 2005
No Score Yet Judy Garland - Judy Duets Actor 2005
No Score Yet Great Entertainers Actor 2004
No Score Yet Peter Allen: The Boy from Oz Actor 2004
No Score Yet The Great American Songbook Actor 2003
No Score Yet Gene Kelly - Anatomy of a Dancer Actor 2002
No Score Yet Barbra Streisand: Timeless: Live in Concert Actor 2001
No Score Yet Andy Hardy Meets Debutante Betsy Booth 2001
No Score Yet Alone. Life Wastes Andy Hardy Actor 2001
No Score Yet Harold Arlen: Somewhere over the Rainbow Actor 1999
No Score Yet Judy Garland's Hollywood Host 1997
100% That's Entertainment! III Actor 1994
No Score Yet Mgm Story: When The Lion Roars Actor 1992
No Score Yet Count Basie: Swingin' the Blues Actor 1992
No Score Yet Judy Garland: The Concert Years Actor 1985
No Score Yet Hollywood's Children Actor 1982
No Score Yet That's Entertainment, Part 2 Actor 1976
100% That's Entertainment Actor 1973
No Score Yet Judy Garland: Live at the London Palladium Actor 1964
No Score Yet Judy And Liza At The Palladium Actor 1964
100% I Could Go on Singing Jenny Bowman 1963
92% A Child Is Waiting Jean Hansen 1963
No Score Yet Judy Garland Christmas Show Actor 1963
80% Gay Purr-ee Mewsette 1962
90% Judgment at Nuremberg Irene Hoffman 1961
No Score Yet Pepe Herself 1960
No Score Yet Judy, Judy, Judy Actor 1955
97% A Star Is Born Vicki Lester/Esther Blodgett 1954
No Score Yet Summer Stock Jane Falbury 1950
56% In the Good Old Summertime Veronica Fisher 1949
No Score Yet Words and Music Guest Star 1948
90% Easter Parade Hannah Brown 1948
71% The Pirate Manuela 1948
100% Till the Clouds Roll By Marilyn Miller 1947
100% The Harvey Girls Susan Bradley 1946
67% Ziegfeld Follies The Star 1946
100% The Clock Alice Maybery 1945
100% Meet Me In St. Louis Esther Smith 1944
No Score Yet Girl Crazy Ginger Gray 1943
No Score Yet Thousands Cheer Guest 1943
No Score Yet Presenting Lily Mars Lily Mars 1943
100% For Me and My Gal Jo Hayden 1942
No Score Yet Ziegfeld Girl Susan Gallagher 1941
No Score Yet Life Begins for Andy Hardy Betsy 1941
No Score Yet Babes on Broadway Penny Morris 1941
No Score Yet Little Nellie Kelly Little Nellie Kelly 1940
No Score Yet Strike Up the Band Mary Holden 1940
100% Babes in Arms Patsy Barton 1939
98% The Wizard of Oz Dorothy Gale $3.9M 1939
No Score Yet Listen, Darling 'Pinkie' Wingate 1938
No Score Yet Love Finds Andy Hardy Betsy Booth 1938
No Score Yet Everybody Sing Judy Bellaire 1938
No Score Yet Thoroughbreds Don't Cry Cricket West 1937
100% Broadway Melody of 1938 Betty Clayton 1937
No Score Yet Pigskin Parade Sairy Dodd 1936
No Score Yet Every Sunday Actor 1936

TV

CREDIT
No Score Yet Great Performances
2000
Appearing Performer
  • 2005
  • 2003

QUOTES FROM Judy Garland CHARACTERS