Won 50 races on 46 poles as a driver, and had 132 wins and six championships as an owner. Bootlegging moonshine as a teen in North Carolina's Brushy Mountains led to a start in racing, like the roots of NASCAR. Dubbed the "Last American Hero" in a 1965 Esquire article by Tom Wolfe. Convicted by the federal government for moonshining in 1956, for which he received a pardon in 1986 from President Reagan. Inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 1990. Inducted into the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America in 1991. Named one of NASCAR's 50 Greatest Drivers in 1998. Inducted into the NASCAR Hall of Fame as part of the inaugural class with Richard Petty, Dale Earnhardt, Bill France Sr. and Bill France Jr., on May 23, 2010. Of the five, Richard Petty was the only other living inductee. Built an authentic moonshine still for the Hall of Fame facility.