London-born Italian filmmaker Marcello Pagliero was raised in Italy and started out as a critic for art and literature after graduating from law school. He began his film career in the late '30s dubbing English-language films into Italian. In 1941, Pagliero began co-writing screenplays and in 1943 became a director. In 1945 he became an internationally acclaimed actor when he played Manfredi in Rossellini's Open City. Moving to France in 1947, Pagliero continued to work as an actor and director, infrequently returning to Italy to work. He retired from feature films after 1960 but continued to work as both director and actor in French television.