Canadian-born Willard Mack was a theatrical quadruple-threat man: actor, director, playwright, manager. Mack grew wealthy from royalties accrued by such plays as The Dove, Tiger Rose, A Free Soul and Kick In, most of which were eventually filmed, sometimes more than once. He began his own movie career in 1916, once more wearing several creative hats. He made his talkie debut as star, director and co-writer of 1929's Voice of the City, a blatant imitation of Universal's blockbuster Broadway (1929). His subsequent directorial efforts included one of the better yarns of the 1930s, What Price Innocence? (1933). Willard Mack was married twice, to actresses Pauline Frederick and Marjorie Rambeau.