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      Francesco Rosi

      Francesco Rosi

      Highest Rated: 100% Three Brothers (1981)

      Lowest Rated: 43% More Than a Miracle (1967)

      Birthday: Nov 15, 1922

      Birthplace: Naples, Italy

      Fearless and controversial, Italian director Francesco Rosi was famous for taking on social and political issues in his films, questioning the establishment and advocating the rights of the disenfranchised. Born in Naples in 1922, Rosi's father was in the shipping business, but the elder Rosi loved movies, frequently taking his young son to the cinema, and even making his own amateur films with a Super-8 camera. Though Rosi grew up valuing the transformative power of film, his father nonetheless encouraged him to study law when he entered University. The program wasn't a great fit for Rosi's creative mind, but he did make a notable friend during his studies, Giorgio Napolitano, future president of Italy. The two would remain lifelong friends, even as Rosi switched his focus to illustration, creating images for children's books and drawing cartoons for magazines and newspapers. In 1946, Rosi changed career paths again and entered the film industry with a low level position working as an assistant to Luchino Visconti on the set of the movie "La Terra Terma" (1948). Rosi would later describe Visconti as his mentor in the world of cinema, teaching him everything there was to know about making movies in the innovative neo-realistic style that he would become known for. He soon began penning screenplays for movies like "Paris is Always Paris" (1951) and "The Bigamist" (1956), before gaining attention as a director with his breakthrough film "La sfida" (1958), based on the story of Naples-mafia kingpin Pasquale Simonetti. The film's stark, naturalistic tone was considered very revolutionary, and he was praised for tackling taboo subject matter in Italian society. He followed this up with another controversial message movie, "Hands Over the City" (1963), which depicted the corruption behind the urban development program in Naples. Rosi would speak openly about his inspiration to make a movie more about society than about individual characters, an aspect that critics found fascinating. The director won the Golden Lion award at the Venice Film Festival for the film. Rosi had a romantic relationship with actor Nora Ricci, and the two gave birth to a daughter, Francesca, who showed signs of developmental problems. Nonetheless, Rosi adored his daughter, and was devastated when she was later killed in a car accident in which Rosi was driving. He went on to marry Giancarla Mandelli in 1966, with whom he had another daughter, Carolina, who would go on to become an actor. Rosi remained busy for decades to come, long after his reputation had been firmly established as one of the most influential Italian filmmakers of his generation. "The Mattei Affair" (1972) won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival, while "Christ Stopped at Eboli" (1979) won a BAFTA for Best Foreign Language Film. He also worked in English language film with "The Palermo Connection" (1989), co-written by Gore Vidal and starring Jim Belushi, as well as the holocaust drama "The Truce" (1997) with John Tuturro. This would prove to be Rosi's last film, as he retired from working to care for his ailing wife. Rosi died on January 10, 2015. He was 92 years old.

      Photos

      Filmography

      Movies

      Credit
      70% No Score Yet Water and Sugar: Carlo Di Palma, the Colours of Life Self - 2017
      No Score Yet No Score Yet Sophia: Ieri, oggi, domani Self - 2007
      53% 54% The Truce Director,
      Writer
      $149.9K 1997
      No Score Yet 27% The Palermo Connection Director,
      Screenwriter
      - 1991
      No Score Yet 47% Cronaca di una morte annunciata Director - 1987
      No Score Yet No Score Yet Chronicle of a Death Foretold Director - 1987
      88% 74% Bizet's Carmen Director - 1984
      100% 57% Three Brothers Director,
      Screenwriter
      - 1981
      90% 76% Eboli Director $77.9K 1979
      No Score Yet No Score Yet Illustrious Corpses Director,
      Screenwriter
      - 1976
      No Score Yet 86% Cadavres exquis Director - 1976
      No Score Yet 50% Lucky Luciano Director,
      Screenwriter
      - 1974
      No Score Yet 78% The Mattei Affair Director - 1972
      No Score Yet 70% Many Wars Ago Director,
      Screenwriter,
      Producer
      - 1970
      43% 55% More Than a Miracle Director,
      Screenwriter
      - 1967
      80% 92% The Moment of Truth Director,
      Writer
      - 1965
      No Score Yet 87% Hands Over the City Director,
      Screenwriter
      - 1962
      100% 67% Salvatore Giuliano Director - 1962
      No Score Yet 88% The Magliari Director - 1959