Nixon (1995)

TOMATOMETER

AUDIENCE SCORE

Critic Consensus: No consensus yet.


Movie Info

While sometimes offering an idiosyncratic interpretation of history, Oliver Stone's highly fictionalized biopic presents a fascinating character study. Anthony Hopkins vividly portrays the controversial American president as a man devoured by his internal demons. Innovative techniques, such as mixing film stocks, intensify the emotional impact of the surreal, expressionistic cinematography.

Rating: R
Genre: Documentary , Drama
Directed By:
Written By: Christopher Wilkinson, Stephen J. Rivele, Oliver Stone
In Theaters:
On DVD: Jun 15, 1999
Runtime:
Buena Vista Pictures

Cast


as Pat Nixon

as President Richard M....

as Alexander M. Haig

as E. Howard Hunt

as J. Edgar Hoover

as John N. Mitchell

as Ron Ziegler

as Henry Kissinger

as Hannah Nixon

as John Ehrlichman

as H.R. Haldeman

as Clyde Tolson

as Charles Colson

as Murray Chotiner

as Julie Nixon

as Harold Nixon

as `Jack Jones'

as Nelson Rockefeller

as Martha Mitchell

as Herb Klein

as Johnny Roselli

as Richard Nixon at 12

as Frank Nixon

as Richard Nixon at 19

as Manolo Sanchez

as Trini Cardoza

as Gordon Liddy

as Frank Sturgis

as Bernard Barker

as James Mccord

as Eugenio Martinez

as Virgilio Gonzales

as Cuban Plumber

as Moderator

as Donald Nixon

as Arthur Nixon

as Football Player

as Football Coach

as Young Pat Nixon

as Happy Rockefeller

as Lawyer At Party

as Convention Announcer

as Black Orator

as Fan No. 1

as Girlfriend

as Texas Man

as Secret Service Agent...

as Family Doctor

as Tv Director

as Joaquin

as Edward Nixon

as Spiro Agnew

as Tricia Nixon

as Staffer #2

as Bill Rogers

as Mel Laird

as Student No. 1

as Young Student

as Student No. 2

as Protester

as Voice-over during cr...

as Secret Service Agent...

as Secret Service Agent...

as White House Staffer

as White House Security

as Mao Tse-Tung

as Chinese Interpreter

as Air Force One Stewar...

as Reporter No. 1

as Reporter No. 2

as Reporter No. 3

as Reporter No. 4

as Reporter No. 5

as Rosemary Woods

as Floor Manager No. 1

as Maureen Dean

as Staffer No. 1

as Staffer No. 2

as Leonid Brezhnev

as Andre Gromyko

as Russian Interpreter

as Bethesda Doctor

as Bethesda Nurse

as President's Lawyer
Show More Cast

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Critic Reviews for Nixon

All Critics (62) | Top Critics (21)

As wayward and self-regarding as its subject, the film long overstays its welcome.

Full Review… | January 26, 2006
Time Out
Top Critic

What it finally adds up to is a huge mixed bag of waxworks and daring, a film that is furiously ambitious even when it goes flat, and startling even when it settles for eerie, movie-of-the-week mimicry.

Full Review… | May 20, 2003
New York Times
Top Critic

Without question, Nixon dwarfs everything in the American cinema since Schindler's List.

February 16, 2001
Washington Post
Top Critic

Nixon far overstays its welcome with an increasingly tedious final hour devoted largely to slogging through the minutiae of Watergate.

Full Review… | February 13, 2001
Variety
Top Critic

Dense psychodrama of much-disliked U.S. president.

Full Review… | December 15, 2010
Common Sense Media

You could say that Nixon is Oliver Stone's Citizen Kane, and not necessarily mean it as praise.

Full Review… | August 20, 2009

Audience Reviews for Nixon

½

A complex, mesmerizing look at the life and presidential career of the much maligned Richard Nixon (Anthony Hopkins), including his working class upbringing, his devastating loss to Kennedy in his first presidential race, and ultimately how the Watergate scandal destroyed his career and the successes he had while in office. Hopkins is absolutely phenomenal in one of his most subtlety brilliant performances, as his body language, facial expressions, and how he delivers his dialogue fully demonstrate the many insecurities Nixon had about himself and his legacy, as well as his desire to be as loved as Kennedy was. Director Oliver Stone adds his share of controversy to the story, but states in the beginning of the film that this is a dramatic interpretation of the life of Nixon, and in terms of how the film is constructed as a drama and not a historical biography, it accomplishes its job more than well. The acting all around (especially Joan Allen as Pat Nixon) is outstanding, and while the film does lose a little steam near its conclusion, it remains undeniably arresting throughout its entirety.

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Dan Schultz
Dan Schultz

Super Reviewer

½

I've had a problem with Oliver Stone for many years. While many find his style and choice of films to be bold, gripping and intelligent, for the most part I view his work as blunt, broad and hagiographic. Stone's political films don't so much raise questions as shout opinions at the audience, and he frequently twists the truth for the sake of furthering his own viewpoint (just watch The Doors if you don't believe me). For all the admiration he garners for his conviction and fighting spirit, the fact remains: he's not a filmmaker, he's a lecturer.

The ironic thing about Nixon, therefore, is that it ultimately fails for exactly the opposite of all the normal reasons. Whereas JFK bashes you on the head for three hours until you break down and believe a totally spurious conclusion, Nixon doesn't really know what it wants to say, with its knee-jerk final act capping off an uncertain and rather aimless two hours prior to this. There are interesting moments or engaging ideas within said time, but ultimately the film is an admirable failure.

To his credit, Stone is upfront about the incomplete nature of existing accounts. The film begins with a statement about how relatively little has been made public from the Nixon administration, and how what follows is the closest possible replication of what happened based upon what is available. Even if Stone doesn't entirely follow through on this (for instance, in the plumbers scene), he deserves credit for announcing this upfront, rather than using it as an excuse to justify his conclusions. This was the mistake he made with JFK, embracing an already discredited theory and then trying to paint the film as being about the creation of myths, trying to start a dialogue that never materialised.

Nixon raises a number of interesting ideas around the nature and history of American politics, all of which are explored in some detail over the running time. One of the biggest themes is the relationship between the ordinary man and the establishment, something which is reflected in Nixon himself and in the students that protest against the policies of his government. Nixon is positioned as a man of humble birth, who had to work hard for everything he ever had and who, in his words, "never profited from public office". His plight is set against the fortunes of the Kennedy family, who are born with silver spoons in their mouths and seem to have success and popularity handed to them on a plate.

As much as Nixon paints himself as the common man, it becomes very clear very early on just how entrenched he is in the establishment, and how little he either can change it or is willing to change it. The political system is portrayed as one of deep-rooted, historical corruption, with a series of vested interests pulling strings, money changing hands and all kinds of loaded glances being exchanged. Stone can't resist slipping into caricature every so often - for instance, shooting all the scenes with Larry Hagman in deliberate shadow. But for the most part he lets the characters paint the picture, and it's not a pretty one.

One of the key scenes in Nixon comes when the President takes a late-night walk to the Lincoln Memorial, and is surrounded by angry students who are protesting against the Vietnam War. It's a painful scene to watch since it makes us resent both parties: Nixon comes across as out-of-touch, slippery and aloof, while the students are all obnoxious, slogan-spouting layabouts. But then Stone pulls the rabbit out of the hat, using our discomfort to explore the entrenched relationship between the state and the military, which results in near-constant demands for war being supplied by the state. It's a brief but gripping analysis of the military-industrial complex, leaving us a little wiser and a lot more depressed.

Nixon is anchored by the really good performance of Anthony Hopkins. It's an interesting performance because Hopkins manages to embody and inhabit Nixon, despite the fact that he doesn't really look like him. The voice may be a little different, but Hopkins nails Nixon's physicality, with the hunched shoulders, the forced toothy grin, the waving arms and the scowling mouth. He really captures the loneliness and insecurity of Nixon, with all his warmer scenes feeling like a thin disguise for the flawed, ruthless mind beneath the surface.

Hopkins is supported by a gallery of famous faces, of which a select few really stand out. Joan Allen really convinces as Nixon's wife Pat; she has to play the foil to Nixon's more gruesome moments, and gives the audience a way in through her occasional incredulity. James Woods is brilliant as H. R. Haldeman, being scarily driven in every scene and making us feel intimidated even when he's not saying anything. Bob Hoskins is enjoyable as J. Edgar Hoover; while he doesn't exactly nail the character, Hoover is more of a cipher in this film and Hoskins at the very least has fun with his lines. And Paul Sorvino, best known for his role in Goodfellas, is completely unrecognisable as the skin-crawling Henry Kissinger.

Everything that I've said thus far would make it seem like Nixon was a success, and that I had gone from being a Stone sceptic to an Oliver apologist. Sadly, this is not the case. Nixon is a film of interesting ideas - make no mistake about that - but it's also a film of great moments rather than an incrementally gripping story. In between those moments lies a meandering, shambling narrative that definitely overstays its welcome. Put simply, there is nothing about this film which justifies the three-hour running time.

I've often made the argument with biographical films that the best approach is to focus on one event or series of events in a person's life, and use them as a microcosm in which we can hint at wider events or aspects of one's character. The King's Speech, for example, worked because it was focussed around one event from which the ideas and themes could naturally flow. Had Tom Hooper attempted to tell the story of George VI from early life right up to that speech, it would have been far more cumbersome and less dramatically focussed.

While this film has a different focal point to Frost/Nixon, and is arguably more artistically ambitious, Ron Howard's work is ultimately superior because it has focus. It uses the Watergate interviews to tease out details about Nixon's character, as well as that of Frost and other figures in their respective professions. While Howard is giving you a little taste and allowing you to form your own conclusions, Stone prefers to browbeat us with information, trying to argue whatever point may be available by beating us and the plot into submission.

Even by Stone's standards, Nixon is ill-disciplined, not only in its length but in its lack of adherence to any kind of thesis. For the first two hours it stumbles from place to place, lurching between pantomime villain characterisation and a grown-up political drama. All the interesting ideas I mentioned before are raised in a specific scene or couple of scenes, but none of them are ever turned into a recurring theme or made a part of genuine foreshadowing. Then in the last hour, when Watergate begins to gather pace, the film turns into a knee-jerk hatchet job and ends far too abruptly.

This over-reaching on Stone's part has the unfortunate consequence of trivialising all the more sinister aspects of Nixon's rule. The film constantly treats the next scandal of the administration as if it is the worst thing possible, but Stone presents the events so clinically that it feels like a list rather than a downward spiral. Only the Watergate section has emotional weight, because it plays out at a pace that allows us to see the different shifts of the characters. Besides that, it's just a blur of lies, jargon and corruption with no way in for the non-political viewer.

For all the information he gathered for it, Stone has ultimately delivered a very empty film. He opens a discussion about Nixon, but because there's no focal point or commitment to a given theme, we come away feeling like we know as little (or perhaps even less) about Nixon than we did going in. The film reflects its central character's habits, jumping from one subject or line of reasoning to the next out of convenience or desperation - and every time it makes such a jump, it comes across as a little less structurally sound. Even with all the backstory and the flashbacks to Nixon's childhood, it all feels perilously thin.

Nixon is nothing more than an admirable failure, being as deeply flawed and elusive as its central character. It does boast several very good performances, and is the most successful of Stone's films about US presidents, being more interesting than JFK and less cartoonish than W.. But for all Stone's ambition in tackling the man, he ultimately comes away with empty hands and a very hollow result. Stone fans will lap it up, but the rest of us should opt for Frost/Nixon.

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Daniel Mumby
Daniel Mumby

Super Reviewer

I will admit, Anthony Hopkins does not look like Nixon, but after the first couple scenes this aesthetic problem becomes void. Not only does Hopkins nail the mannerisms of the historical figure, but gives a deep and compelling humanity to the character. Director Oliver Stone delivers a tad un-even but very epic and ambitious biopic that leaves no part of Nixon's life un-explored. Stone mostly succeeds in portraying the controversial historical figure with nice objectivity and showing the dirty underbelly of politics. Although the film runs at a whopping 3 hours, Stones tight editing and visceral (almost hallucinatory at times) direction keeps the pace in check. Hopkins performance, along with the film's great supporting cast, alone make the 3 hour runtime worth it.

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Christopher Heim
Christopher Heim

Super Reviewer

Nixon Quotes

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