Alan J. Pakula

Alan J. Pakula

  • Highest Rated: 100% Rollover (1981)
  • Lowest Rated: 25% Consenting Adults (1992)
  • Birthday: Apr 7, 1928
  • Birthplace: Not Available
  • Renowned for guiding actors to the Oscars and, as Robert Redford put it, bringing "sensitivity and intellect to seemingly intractable subjects," Alan J. Pakula built a successful career that was cut short by his death in a car accident in 1998. With his restrained, thoughtful filmmaking style, Pakula weathered industry upheavals and audience tastes that often preferred anything but intelligent subtlety, leaving a legacy that includes All the President's Men (1976).Born and raised in New York, Pakula dabbled in high school theater, but he didn't consider a show business career until he took a summer job at Leland Hayward's talent agency. Pakula majored in drama at Yale, graduating in 1948. While working at Warner Bros. in 1949, Pakula directed a Los Angeles stage production of Antigone that caught producer Don Hartman's eye. Hartman got Pakula a job reading scripts at MGM in 1950, and took Pakula with him to Paramount in 1951, where Pakula eventually got to produce his first film, Fear Strikes Out (1957). A docudrama about a baseball player's mental illness, Fear Strikes Out was a critical success for Pakula and his novice movie director Robert Mulligan. The two native New Yorkers formed Pakula-Mulligan Productions and scored a substantial hit with their next film together, the adaptation of To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). Starring Oscar winner Gregory Peck as noble lawyer Atticus Finch, To Kill a Mockingbird earned kudos for its smartly engaging examination of Depression-era racism and morality, and garnered Oscar nominations for Pakula and Mulligan. The pair's follow-up, Love With the Proper Stranger (1963), mixed humor with drama in a then-dicey story about premarital sex and abortion, earning star Natalie Wood a Best Actress Oscar nod. Though not as distinguished as their first films, Pakula and Mulligan's subsequent collaborations continued to delve into socially conscious subjects, including an ex-convict's struggles with freedom in Baby the Rain Must Fall (1964), and the trials of public school students and teachers in Up the Down Staircase (1967). Ready to try film directing, Pakula parted ways with Mulligan and helmed The Sterile Cuckoo (1969). A touching comedy about young love between misfits, The Sterile Cuckoo turned Hollywood offspring Liza Minnelli into a movie star, complete with her first Oscar nomination. Pakula definitively established his way with actors and his talent for expressively nuanced visuals (shot by frequent Pakula D.P. Gordon Willis) with his second film, Klute (1971). With Donald Sutherland's melancholic rural cop and Jane Fonda's defiant yet terrified New York call girl encased in claustrophobic interiors, Klute was as much a character study of isolation as a murder mystery. Embraced by the early-'70s audience, Klute became Pakula's second hit and won the controversial Fonda her first Best Actress Oscar. Suffering his first directorial flop with Love and Pain and the Whole Damn Thing (1973), Pakula returned to contemporary America's dark side with the political thriller The Parallax View (1974). Though it was shot with great style by Willis, featured an excellent performance from Warren Beatty, and presciently evoked Watergate skullduggery as well as Kennedy conspiracy theories, The Parallax View's downbeat story of corporately trained assassins proved too dark even for 1974 audiences. In later years, however, The Parallax View came to be considered an artistically worthy entry in Pakula's "paranoia trilogy" alongside Klute and Pakula's next film, All the President's Men. Taking on journalists Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein's account of their investigation into the 1972 Watergate break-in, Pakula, Willis, writer William Goldman, and stars Redford and Dustin Hoffman managed to turn old news into a compelling detective story. Contrasting the bright, deep focus Washington Post newsroom set with shadowy late-night meetings with witnesses and Deep Throat, All the President's Men became a search for t

Highest Rated Movies

Filmography

Movies

Rating

Title

Credit

Box
Office

Year

34% The Devil's Own Director 1997
53% The Pelican Brief Screenwriter Director Producer 1993
25% Consenting Adults Director 1992
87% Presumed Innocent Director Screenwriter 1990
50% See You in the Morning Screenwriter Producer Director 1989
67% Orphans Producer Director 1987
No Score Yet Dream Lover Producer Director 1986
No Score Yet George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey Himself 1984
75% Sophie's Choice Director Screenwriter Producer 1982
100% Rollover Director 1981
100% Starting Over Director 1979
70% Comes a Horseman Director 1978
93% All the President's Men Director 1976
93% The Parallax View Producer Director 1974
No Score Yet Love and Pain and the Whole Damn Thing Producer Director 1973
94% Klute Director Producer 1971
88% The Sterile Cuckoo (Pookie) Director Producer 1969
No Score Yet The Stalking Moon Producer 1968
80% Up the Down Staircase Producer 1967
36% Inside Daisy Clover Producer 1966
No Score Yet Baby, the Rain Must Fall Producer 1965
89% Love with the Proper Stranger Producer 1963
91% To Kill A Mockingbird Producer 1962
83% Fear Strikes Out Producer 1957

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