Robert Z. Leonard

Highest Rated: 100% Pride and Prejudice (1940)
Birthday: Oct 7, 1889
Birthplace: Not Available
Robert Z. "Pop" Leonard was a highly successful contract director at MGM, to such extent that critical appreciation of his work is practically nonexistent or of a negative kind. Nevertheless, the transparency of Leonard's work conceals a skilled and talented artisan of the highest order, and several of his films rate as classics and remain popular favorites decades after they were made. Born in Chicago, Leonard began as a stage actor, making his film debut in 1908 at the Selig Polyscope studios in Chicago; his directing career began in 1913 at Rex, a former independent then operating as a unit within Universal. Leonard's early films were comedies, often starring Leonard himself as a "boob" or an ethnic Swedish caricature. From the time vaudeville star Mae Murray arrived in Hollywood in 1916, Leonard gradually became her principal director, he abandoned his own career as a movie actor by 1918, but did make unbilled cameo appearances in later films.Murray's headstrong behavior and open contempt of the studio bosses at Famous Players-Lasky (i.e., Paramount) kept both of them on a slippery slope in this period, but her great popularity with audiences likewise kept the Murray/Leonard team employed. In 1919, they were married, and in 1921 co-founded Tiffany Productions with producer Maurice H. Hoffman specifically to make Murray's films, then distributed through Metro. Murray became Metro's most popular female star -- Peacock Alley (1922) was an enormous hit -- and when Metro merged into Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1924, Murray and Leonard left Tiffany to become contract artists with MGM; Tiffany continued as a studio for close to another decade. Their marriage, however, didn't survive the transition, and the last of their 24 films together was Circe the Enchantress (1924).Mae Murray managed to get on the bad side of Louis B. Mayer, and by 1927 had quit MGM. But Leonard stayed for the next 30 years and -- not surprisingly, given his experience with Murray -- established himself as a director who could handle difficult talent. Leonard made pictures with Marion Davies and Norma Shearer, including Let Us Be Gay (1930) and Strange Interlude (1932) with Shearer; he also directed Greta Garbo's first MGM screen test, although the only film he made with her was the confusing Susan Lenox: Her Fall and Rise (1931). The best-known Leonard film of this period -- and one of his finest films overall -- was the Joan Crawford vehicle Dancing Lady (1933).In the mid-'30s, Leonard truly hit his stride as a director, making the fine "A" pictures A Tale of Two Cities (1935) with Robert Donat and The Great Ziegfeld (1936), which took the Best Picture Oscar for that year; his version of Pride and Prejudice (1940) starring Laurence Olivier and Greer Garson also remains highly regarded, despite its rather heavy-handed adaptation of Austen's novel. Despite these triumphs, Leonard's reputation mainly rests on the series of six musical films he made with the singing team of Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy; Leonard directed all but two of their features, including Maytime (1937), long established as the uncontested favorite of the cycle.In Leonard's late career, the properties he handled were somewhat less auspicious, though there is a surprise in the hard-boiled melodrama The Bribe (1949), a respected film noir that is the only film of its kind in Leonard's canon of 161 known titles. Leonard retired on the MGM plan when he reached the age of 65; The King's Thief (1955) was his last MGM film, though he made two films afterward, including Kelly and Me (1957) starring Van Johnson, a favorite of the director; this proved to be Leonard's last outing. Few of his silent films survive; though through the rediscovery of Delicious Little Devil (1919) -- one of his early titles with Mae Murray -- modern audiences may note a high standard of quality filmmaking Leonard observed even then. Received wisdom dictates that he was no more than a well-oiled cog in the MGM studio ma

Highest Rated Movies

Filmography

MOVIES

CREDIT
No Score Yet The King's Thief Director 1955
No Score Yet Beautiful But Dangerous (La Donna Piu Bella del Mondo) Director 1955
No Score Yet Her Twelve Men (Miss Baker's Dozen) Director 1954
No Score Yet The Clown Director 1953
No Score Yet The Great Diamond Robbery Director 1953
No Score Yet Everything I Have Is Yours Director 1952
No Score Yet Too Young to Kiss Director 1952
No Score Yet Duchess of Idaho Director 1950
No Score Yet Nancy Goes to Rio Director 1950
No Score Yet The Bribe Director 1949
63% In the Good Old Summertime Director 1949
No Score Yet B.F.'S Daughter Director 1948
No Score Yet Cynthia Director 1947
No Score Yet The Secret Heart Director 1946
No Score Yet Abbott and Costello in Hollywood Himself 1945
No Score Yet Weekend at the Waldorf Producer Director 1945
No Score Yet Marriage Is a Private Affair Director 1944
No Score Yet The Man From Down Under Producer Director 1943
No Score Yet We Were Dancing Director Producer 1942
No Score Yet Stand By for Action Producer Director 1942
No Score Yet Ziegfeld Girl Director 1941
No Score Yet When Ladies Meet Producer Director 1941
No Score Yet Third Finger, Left Hand Director 1940
100% Pride and Prejudice Director 1940
No Score Yet New Moon Producer Director 1940
No Score Yet Broadway Serenade Producer Director 1939
No Score Yet The Girl of the Golden West Director 1938
No Score Yet The Firefly Bayonne Cafe Extra Producer Director 1937
No Score Yet Maytime Director Producer 1937
No Score Yet Piccadilly Jim Director 1936
64% The Great Ziegfeld Producer 1936
No Score Yet Dancing Lady Director 1933
No Score Yet Peg o' My Heart Producer Director 1933
No Score Yet Strange Interlude Director 1932
No Score Yet Susan Lenox: Her Fall and Rise Director Producer 1931
No Score Yet Five and Ten Producer Director 1931
No Score Yet The Bachelor Father Producer Director 1931
No Score Yet Let Us Be Gay Director Producer 1930
75% The Divorcée Producer Director 1930
No Score Yet A Lady of Chance Producer Director 1928
No Score Yet The Cardboard Lover Director 1928
No Score Yet Mademoiselle Midnight Director Producer 1924
No Score Yet Jazzmania Director 1923
No Score Yet The Delicious Little Devil Director 1919
No Score Yet A Mormon Maid Director 1917
No Score Yet The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Scarecrow 1910

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