To Have and Have Not (1944)

TOMATOMETER

Critic Consensus: With Howard Hawks directing and Bogey and Bacall in front of the cameras, To Have and Have Not benefits from several levels of fine-tuned chemistry -- all of which ignite on screen.

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Humphrey Bogart plays Harry Morgan, owner-operator of charter boat in wartime Martinique. Morgan's right-hand man is Eddie (Walter Brennan), a garrulous alky whose pet question to anyone and everyone is "Ever get stung by a dead bee?" While in port, Harry is approached by Free French activist Gerard (Marcel Dalio), who wants to charter Harry's boat to smuggle in an important underground leader. Adopting his usual I-stick-my-neck-out-for-no-one stance, Morgan refuses. Later on, he starts up a dalliance with Marie Browning (screen newcomer Lauren Bacall), an attractive pickpocket. In order to help Marie return to America, Harry agrees to Gerard's smuggling terms. He uses his boat to bring resistance fighter De Bursac (Walter Molnar) and De Bursac's wife Helene (Dolores Moran) into Martinique. The Vichy police, suspecting that something's amiss, hold Morgan's pal Eddie hostage, tormenting the poor rummy by denying him liquor. Predictably, Morgan comes to Eddie's rescue and manages to escape Martinique, with the delectable Marie as cozy company. In the hands of director Howard Hawks and screenwriters Jules Furthman and William Faulkner, the end result bore only a passing relation to the original story by Ernest Hemingway: instead, it was a virtual rehash (but a good one!) of the recently released Casablanca, replete with several of that film's cast members. The film's enduring popularity is primarily -- if not solely -- due to the sexy chemistry between Bogart and Bacall, especially in the legendary "You know how to whistle, don't you?" scene. The most salutary result of To Have & Have Not was the subsequent Bogart-Bacall marriage, which endured until his death in 1957. It's widely believed that Lauren Bacall's singing voice was dubbed in by a pre-puberty Andy Williams; this is not true. For the record, a more faithful-to-the-source cinemadaptation of the Hemingway original was filmed in 1950 as The Breaking Point.

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Critic Reviews for To Have and Have Not

All Critics (34) | Top Critics (7)

In many ways the ultimate Hawks film: clear, direct, and thoroughly brilliant.

Aug 15, 2014 | Full Review…

Lauren Bacall has cinema personality to burn, and she burns both ends against an unusually little middle.

Aug 15, 2014 | Full Review…

Bogart is in his usual metier, a tough guy who, no less, has the facility of making a dame go for him, instead of he for her. That's where Bacall comes in.

Mar 16, 2009 | Full Review…
Variety
Top Critic

Bogie and Bacall fell in love while making the film, and their scenes reflect this, giving To Have and Have Not a degree of emotional presence that is unusual in the 'bite on the bullet' world of Hawks.

Feb 9, 2006 | Full Review…
Time Out
Top Critic

The movie is entertaining in its own right, and representative of the era in which it was produced, but, aside from the legendary interaction between Bogart and Lauren Bacall, there are only moderate reasons to recommend the film.

Jan 29, 2004 | Rating: 3/4

The scenes between Bogart and Bacall are so dazzlingly about attraction and sex that they encapsulate the whole magic of movies.

Jan 10, 2004

Audience Reviews for To Have and Have Not

½

Bacall exudes a lot of magnetism and sensuality in her debut on the screen, a decent sort-of-rip-off of Casablanca - based on Hemingway and co-written by William Faulkner no less - that relies on a strong chemistry between her and Bogart in their first of four films together.

Carlos Magalhães
Carlos Magalhães

Super Reviewer

See this Humphrey Bogart classic for two and only two reasons: To witness with your very eyes the incredible sexual chemistry between the legendary actor and his stunning co-star Lauren Bacall (who he met for the first time during the shooting of this film and then went on to marry), and for Walter Brennan's pitch-perfect performance as the likeable rummy Eddie.

Kristijonas Fussman
Kristijonas Fussman

Super Reviewer

½

The first of two classic films Howard Hawks did with Bogart and Bacall contains great dialogue and great performances.

Graham Jones
Graham Jones

Super Reviewer

Okay, it's true that this movie is reminiscent of Casablanca because Bogart starts out neutral towards WWII and ends up helping the resistance, but this movie is great too. I loved it and I recommend it.

Aj V
Aj V

Super Reviewer

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