François Truffaut

François Truffaut

Highest Rated: 100% Close Encounters Of The Third Kind: 40th Anniversary Release (2017)

Lowest Rated: 33% La Chambre Verte (The Green Room) (1979)

Birthday: Feb 6, 1932

Birthplace: Paris, France

Movie historian Leslie Halliwell has quoted French filmmaker François Truffaut as observing "I make films that I would like to have seen when I was a young man." It is difficult to believe that there exists a film that Truffaut didn't see as a youth. The product of an unhappy, loveless home, Truffaut began using films to escape the exigencies of reality at age seven, virtually living in various Parisian movie houses. He left school to go to work at 14, and, one year later, founded a film club, which brought him to the attention of influential cinema critic Andre Bazin. Over the next few years, Bazin both financed and protected Truffaut, helping the young cineaste weather such crises as his arrest for nonpayment of debts and his 1951 public humiliation following his desertion from the Army. In 1953, Bazin hired Truffaut as a critic/essayist for Cahiers du Cinema. It was in the January 1954 edition that Truffaut published his landmark essay "A Certain Tendency in the French Cinema," in which he attacked directors who merely ground out films without any personal cinematic vision; he also propounded the auteur theory, which opined that the only directors worth serious consideration were those who left their own individual signatures on each of their films. Forever marching to his own drummer, Truffaut parted company with his mentor Bazin over certain directors, including William Wyler, whom Truffaut found too bound to "theatricality" for his tastes. In later years, Truffaut noted that writing critiques enabled him to understand why he loved films and to rationalize his reasons for liking them. Hoping to put his auteur theory to practical use, Truffaut decided to direct a short film, 1954's Une Visite. In 1957, the same year he married Madeleine Morgenstern, the daughter of a major film distributor, Truffaut set up his own production company, Les Films du Carosse (named in honor of the Jean Renoir film Le Carrosse d'Or). He garnered critical acclaim for his 1957 short subject Les Mistons, and two years later he made his first feature, the intensely autobiographical The 400 Blows. Cast as Truffaut alter-ego Antoine Doinel was young Jean-Pierre Leaud, who went on to play Doinel at various later stages of his life in Truffaut's four follow-ups to 400 Blows. In 1961, Truffaut directed what many consider his masterpiece, and what not a few observers regard as the finest film of its year: Jules et Jim, a hauntingly beautiful tale of a lingering romantic triangle. Though in the vanguard of the French New Wave (he contributed to the scripts of such groundbreaking films as Jean-Luc Godard's Breathless), Truffaut was never a hard-to-fathom aesthete, but, instead, the most successful filmmaker in France, as popular with casual fans as serious film students. He also differed from his New Wave colleagues by avoiding overt political statements: Even his most "politicized" film, 1980's The Last Metro, was more in the romantic tradition of Renoir than the tract-like pronouncements of Godard. In developing a style of his own, Truffaut was heavily influenced by his idols Jean Vigo, Jacques Tati, and especially Renoir, whom Truffaut admired for his ability to simultaneously depict the realities of life and "improve" upon them. "To make a film is to improve upon life, to arrange it to suit oneself, to prolong the games of childhood, to construct something that is at once a new toy and a vase in which one can arrange in a permanent way the ideas one feels in the morning." Like Renoir, Truffaut endeavored to make films that approximated real life, but were romanticized enough to be entertainment. Truffaut also admired such Hollywood directors as Alfred Hitchcock, Howard Hawks, and Orson Welles. Echoes of Hawks and Welles would persist throughout Truffaut's career, while Hitchcock was imitated outright in 1967's The Bride Wore Black. His love affair with Hollywood films was manifested in his frequent employment of Tinseltown stalwarts like novelist/scree

Highest Rated Movies



100% Close Encounters Of The Third Kind: 40th Anniversary Release Lacombe $3.1M 2017
96% Hitchcock/Truffaut Actor $0.4M 2015
66% Two in the Wave (Deux de la Vague) Actor $28.3K 2010
93% Henri Langlois: The Phantom of the Cinematheque Actor 2004
67% La Petite Voleuse (The Little Thief) Screenwriter 1988
78% Vivement dimanche! (Finally, Sunday)(Confidentially Yours) Director Screenwriter Actor 1983
86% The Last Metro (Le Dernier Métro) Screenwriter Director Producer 1981
85% The Woman Next Door (La femme d'à côté) Producer Screenwriter Director 1981
33% La Chambre Verte (The Green Room) Julien Davenne 1979
58% Love on the Run (L'Amour en fuite) Director Screenwriter Producer 1979
No Score Yet Une belle fille comme moi (A Gorgeous Bird Like Me)(Such a Gorgeous Kid Like Me) Director 1978
94% Close Encounters of the Third Kind Claude Lacombe 1977
82% The Man Who Loved Women (L'Homme qui Aimait les Femmes) Director Screenwriter Man at Funeral 1977
89% L' Argent de Poche (Pocket Money) (Small Change) Director Screenwriter Martine's Father $33.2K 1976
91% The Story of Adele H Screenwriter Officer On Ramparts Director 1975
100% Day for Night Director Ferrand Screenwriter 1973
87% Two English Girls (Les deux Anglaises et le continent) Screenwriter Narrator Director 1972
100% The Wild Child (L'enfant sauvage) Dr. Jean Itard Director Screenwriter 1970
75% Bed & Board (Domicile Conjugal) Screenwriter Director Producer 1970
80% Naked Childhood (L'Enfance nue) Producer 1969
82% Mississippi Mermaid (La Sirène du Mississipi) Director Screenwriter 1969
81% The Bride Wore Black Screenwriter Director 1968
96% Stolen Kisses (Baisers Volés) Director Screenwriter 1968
81% Fahrenheit 451 Director Screenwriter 1966
No Score Yet Francois Truffaut ou L'esprit critique Himself 1965
88% La Peau douce (The Soft Skin) Director Screenwriter 1964
90% Shoot the Piano Player (Tirez sur le pianiste) Screenwriter Director 1962
No Score Yet Love at Twenty Screenwriter Director 1962
93% Jules and Jim Screenwriter Director 1962
No Score Yet Antoine and Colette (Antoine et Colette) Director 1962
No Score Yet Une Histoire D'Eau Screenwriter Director 1961
100% The 400 Blows (Les Quatre cents coups) Producer Man in Funfair Director Screenwriter 1959
No Score Yet Les Mistons (The Brats) (The Kids) Director 1958


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