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      Rouben Mamoulian

      Rouben Mamoulian

      Highest Rated: 100% Silk Stockings (1957)

      Lowest Rated: 71% Summer Holiday (1948)

      Birthday: Oct 8, 1897

      Birthplace: Tiflis, Georgia, Russian Empire

      A noted director of several famous Broadway productions, Rouben Mamoulian translated his sense for the theatrical to film and quickly became known for his innovative use of the camera, sound and color even in an age when black-and-white film was the standard. Guided by a strong creative instinct, informed intelligence, and a staunch independence that often clashed with the staid Hollywood studio system, Mamoulian emphasized stylization over naturalism in such early works as "City Streets" (1931) and "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" (1931), perhaps his greatest film. Though many of his titles were not always the most widely remembered, Mamoulian directed some of the biggest stars of the day - Marlene Dietrich in "Song of Songs" (1933), Garbo in "Queen Christina" (1933), William Holden in "Golden Boy" (1939) and Tyrone Power in "The Mark of Zorro" (1940) - the last widely considered to be the best of the Zorro films. But once his contract with 20th Century Fox ended with the completion of "Blood and Sand" (1941) and "Rings on Her Fingers" (1942), Mamoulian ran afoul of the studios and his producers, being fired from more films - "Laura" (1944), "Porgy and Bess" (1959) and "Cleopatra" (1963) - than he would make for the rest of his career. A victim of his strong independent nature, Mamoulian faded into retirement, but did leave behind a mark as a fierce innovator who brought a sense of theatricality to every film.

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      Filmography

      Movies

      Credit
      72% 77% Porgy and Bess Director - 1959
      100% 68% Silk Stockings Director - 1957
      71% 43% Summer Holiday Director - 1948
      No Score Yet 67% Rings on Her Fingers Director - 1942
      100% 68% Blood and Sand Director - 1941
      92% 79% The Mark of Zorro Director - 1940
      80% 47% Golden Boy Director - 1939
      No Score Yet No Score Yet High, Wide and Handsome Director - 1937
      No Score Yet 69% The Gay Desperado Director - 1936
      No Score Yet 30% Becky Sharp Director - 1935
      No Score Yet 33% We Live Again Director - 1934
      83% 84% Queen Christina Director - 1933
      83% 69% The Song of Songs Director,
      Producer
      - 1933
      100% 82% Love Me Tonight Director,
      Producer,
      Film Editing
      - 1932
      91% 80% Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Director,
      Producer
      - 1931
      80% 83% City Streets Director - 1931
      80% 75% Applause Director - 1929