Robert J. Flaherty

Robert J. Flaherty

Highest Rated: 100% Nanook of the North (1922)

Lowest Rated: 80% Louisiana Story (1948)

Birthday: Feb 16, 1884

Birthplace: Iron Mountain, Michigan, USA

A mineralogist and explorer turned pioneering documentarist, Robert Flaherty shot material for his first film, a study of the Belcher Islands, in 1917 but the footage was accidentally destroyed by fire. Undeterred, he planned another film, on Eskimo life, and received backing from the Revillon Freres fur company to make "Nanook of the North" (1922). An engaging chronicle of the day-to-day existence of one family, "Nanook" became an international success despite initial skepticism on the part of distributors. It also represented a landmark in the development of the documentary, thanks to its use of elements associated with narrative film: Flaherty structured the work around a storyline, directed the Eskimos in scenes "staged" for the benefit of the camera, and made sophisticated use of techniques including close-ups, tilts and pans. The success of "Nanook" earned Flaherty studio backing to make the lyrical Polynesian documentary "Moana" (1926), which was praised by critics but justly attacked by anthropologists as a poetic fantasy rather than an accurate representation of island life.

Photos

Filmography

Movies

Credit
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Titan: The Story of Michelangelo Producer - 1950
80% 55% Louisiana Story Director,
Writer,
Producer
- 1948
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Land Director,
Writer,
Cinematographer
- 1942
No Score Yet No Score Yet A Night of Storytelling Director - 1935
92% 75% Man of Aran Director,
Cinematographer
- 1934
No Score Yet No Score Yet Industrial Britain Director,
Producer,
Cinematographer
- 1931
92% 78% Tabu Producer - 1931
No Score Yet No Score Yet Twenty-Four Dollar Island Director,
Producer
- 1927
86% 65% Moana Director,
Screenwriter,
Cinematographer,
Film Editor,
Producer
- 1926
100% 80% Nanook of the North Director,
Writer,
Producer,
Cinematographer,
Film Editor
- 1922

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