D.W. Griffith

D.W. Griffith

Highest Rated: 100% Hearts of the World (1918)

Lowest Rated: 29% The Struggle (1931)

Birthday: Jan 22, 1875

Birthplace: LaGrange, Kentucky, USA

Both a filmmaking pioneer and a social provocateur, director D. W. Griffith almost singlehandedly developed the techniques by which films would be made while simultaneously showing how they could be both a significant commercial and cultural element of American culture for good or ill. Once called "the father of film" by actress Lillian Gish and "the teacher of us all" by Charlie Chaplin, Griffith took a nascent medium wallowing in mediocrity and used his insatiable desire to experiment to break the conventions of his era and develop new means of relating narratives for the screen. After making almost three movies a week from 1908-1913, where he innovated with new techniques like close-ups, cross-cutting and deep focus, Griffith made the feature length Civil War epic "The Birth of a Nation" (1915), a technical triumph and box office hit undermined by its overtly racist themes of the times. He responded to public outrage in the form of protests and riots with "Intolerance" (1916), an expensive masterpiece that sought to answer his critics that failed at the box office and left him in dire financial straits for the remainder of his career. Though he formed the studio United Artists with Chaplin, Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks in 1919, Griffith dropped out five years later over his failure to make a hit film that would resolve his debts. Though he continued making movies for UA and Paramount Pictures, nothing he made reached the heights of "Birth of a Nation" and "Intolerance." In the end, Griffith's legacy as a groundbreaking pioneer who gave birth to modern filmmaking was mired by his obvious sentiment to racial stereotypes, which haunted him for decades after his death.

Photos

Filmography

Movies

Credit
No Score Yet No Score Yet Footlight Varieties Director - 1951
29% 31% The Struggle Director,
Screenwriter,
Producer,
Original Music
- 1931
82% 40% Abraham Lincoln Director,
Producer
- 1930
No Score Yet No Score Yet Lady of the Pavements Director - 1929
No Score Yet 58% The Battle of the Sexes Director - 1928
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Sorrows of Satan Director,
Producer
- 1926
82% 56% Sally of the Sawdust Director,
Producer
- 1925
63% 62% America Director - 1924
No Score Yet No Score Yet Isn't Life Wonderful Director,
Writer
- 1924
No Score Yet No Score Yet The White Rose Director,
Screenwriter,
Producer
- 1923
92% 71% Orphans of the Storm Director,
Producer,
Screenwriter
- 1922
No Score Yet No Score Yet One Exciting Night Director,
Screenwriter,
Producer
- 1922
No Score Yet No Score Yet Dream Street Director - 1921
95% 69% Way Down East Director,
Producer,
Screenwriter
- 1920
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Idol Dancer Director - 1920
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Love Flower Director,
Screenwriter
- 1920
71% 60% True Heart Susie Director,
Producer
- 1919
95% 71% Broken Blossoms Director,
Screenwriter,
Producer
- 1919
No Score Yet No Score Yet A Romance of Happy Valley Director - 1919
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Greatest Question Director,
Producer
- 1919
No Score Yet No Score Yet Scarlet Days Director,
Producer
- 1919
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Greatest Thing in Life Director,
Producer
- 1918
100% 33% Hearts of the World Director,
Writer
- 1918
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Social Secretary Producer - 1916
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Mystery of the Leaping Fish Writer - 1916
97% 77% Intolerance Director,
Writer,
Producer,
Original Music,
Film Editor,
Costume Designer
- 1916
No Score Yet No Score Yet Hoodoo Ann Writer,
Producer
- 1916
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Half-Breed Producer - 1916
No Score Yet No Score Yet Ghosts Producer - 1915
93% 56% The Birth of a Nation Director,
Writer,
Producer,
Original Music,
Film Editor
- 1915
No Score Yet No Score Yet Old Heidelberg Producer - 1915
No Score Yet 44% Judith of Bethulia Director,
Screenwriter
- 1914
No Score Yet 53% The Avenging Conscience Director,
Screenwriter
- 1914
No Score Yet No Score Yet The House of Darkness Director - 1913
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Lady and the Mouse Director,
Screenwriter
- 1913
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Battle at Elderbush Gulch Director,
Screenwriter
- 1913
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Mothering Heart Director - 1913
No Score Yet No Score Yet A Welcome Intruder Director - 1913
No Score Yet No Score Yet Death's Marathon Director - 1913
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Massacre Director,
Screenwriter
- 1912
No Score Yet No Score Yet One Is Business, the Other Crime Director - 1912
No Score Yet 20% An Unseen Enemy Director - 1912
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Burglar's Dilemma Director - 1912
No Score Yet No Score Yet A Lodging for the Night Director - 1912
No Score Yet No Score Yet Friends Director,
Screenwriter,
Cinematographer
- 1912
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Girl and Her Trust Director - 1912
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Female of the Species Director - 1912
No Score Yet No Score Yet For His Son Director - 1912
No Score Yet No Score Yet A Beast at Bay Director - 1912
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Sunbeam Director - 1912
No Score Yet No Score Yet The New York Hat Director - 1912
No Score Yet 83% The Musketeers of Pig Alley Director,
Writer
- 1912
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Painted Lady Director - 1912
No Score Yet No Score Yet His Trust Director - 1911
No Score Yet No Score Yet What Shall We Do With Our Old? Director - 1911
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Last Drop of Water Director - 1911
No Score Yet 50% The Lonedale Operator Director,
Executive Producer
- 1911
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Last Deal Director,
Writer
- 1910
No Score Yet No Score Yet In the Border States Director - 1910
No Score Yet No Score Yet A Romance of the Western Hills Director - 1910
No Score Yet No Score Yet A Child of the Ghetto Director - 1910
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Smoker Producer - 1910
No Score Yet No Score Yet Ramona Director,
Screenwriter
- 1910
No Score Yet No Score Yet Simple Charity Director - 1910
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Unchanging Sea Director - 1910
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Honor of His Family Director - 1910
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Sealed Room Director - 1909
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Trick That Failed Director - 1909
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Necklace Director - 1909
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Hessian Renegades Unknown (Character),
Director,
Screenwriter
- 1909
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Curtain Pole Director,
Writer
- 1909
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Son's Return Director,
Screenwriter
- 1909
No Score Yet 67% A Corner in Wheat Director - 1909
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Red Man's View Director - 1909
No Score Yet No Score Yet At the Crossroads of Life Unknown (Character) - 1908
No Score Yet No Score Yet The Adventures of Dollie Director - 1908

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