Nomzamo Winnie Mandela

Nomzamo Winnie Mandela

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Birthday: Sep 26, 1936

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Winnie Mandela. The woman who is the ex-wife of Nelson Mandela, and head ofthe ANC Women's League in South Africa. Born on September 26 1936 in Bizana,Transkei, Winnie was the fourth of eight children, ofwhom only three othersare still living: these are her sisters Mobantu Mniki, who works as ateacher and Nonyaniso Khumalo, who is a housewife. Her brother MsuthuMadikizela is a bank manager in Bizana. Winnie Mandela's extraordinary life has been marked by a process ofharassment from the regime and by constant separations from those she hasloved. Her mother Nomathamsanqa Mzaidume, a domestic science teacher, diedwhen Winnie was only eight years old. Throughout most of her adult life,Winnie Mandela has had to endure a forced separation from her husband ANCPresident Nelson Mandela, who spent 26 years of his life on Robben Island.Her father was a minister of the Forestry and Agriculture Department of theTranskei government during Kaizer Matanzima's rule. Winnie Mandela's involvement in the South African liberation struggle datesto the '50s. Her first detention was in 1958, and coincided with the massarrests of women involved in the anti-pass campaign. At the time, she wasthe chairperson of the Orlando West branch of both the ANC and the ANCWL. In terms of her first banning order, received in 1962, she was restricted toSoweto. Five years later she was arrested in Cape Town on a visit to herhusband Nelson Mandela. She spent one month at the prison known as the Fort.In 1969 she became one of the first detainees under Section 6 of thenotorious Terrorism Act. She was detained for 18 months in solitaryconfinement in the condemned cell at Pretoria Central before being chargedunder the Suppression of Communism Act. The famous "Trial of 22" took placein 1970. After initially being found guilty, Mandela and the other accusedwere discharged on appeal. Winnie Mandela spent till September 1975 in prison in Kroonstad, along withher good friend Dorothy Nyembe. At the time of her release she was on thelast national executive committee of the original ANC Women's League, alongwith other legends of the women's struggle like Lilian Ngoyi, FlorenceMatomela and Frances Baard. After it was banned, along with the ANC, thesewomen leaders tried to continue their work through the Federation of SouthAfrican Women.



No Score Yet Mandela Actor 1997


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